Friday’s question a throw-back to the previous Friday’s question, about world cities’ former names: Let’s continue the theme a little closer to (my) home. Here are some former cities’ names. By what names are they known today: Marthasville, Georgia; Gum Pond (or Gumpond), Mississippi; Lancaster, Nebraska; Hot Springs, New Mexico; New Amsterdam, New York; Losantiville, Ohio; and Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania.
The answers are:
Built for the Western and Atlantic Railroad, the settlement of Terminus was renamed Marthasville, Georgia, and incorporated on December 23, 1843. Two years later, the chief engineer of the Georgia Railroad suggested renaming the town Atlantica-Pacifica, which was quickly shortened to Atlanta, and the name change was approved by the Georgia General Assembly on December 26, 1845.
Settled in the 1830s and named for the tupelo trees, known as “blackgum,” Gum Pond was renamed in the 1860s, and Tupelo was incorporated in 1866.
The village of Lancaster was founded in 1856, and became the county seat of the newly created Lancaster County in 1859. On April 1, 1869, Lancaster was incorporated as the city of Lincoln, in honor of the recently assassinated president.
Hot Springs was founded in the late 1800s, due to its hot springs. In March 1950, Ralph Edwards, the host of the popular NBC Radio quiz show Truth or Consequences, announced that he would air the program on its tenth anniversary from the first town that renamed itself after the show; Hot Springs officially changed its name on March 31, 1950, and the program was broadcast from there the following evening.
New Amsterdam was a 17th century Dutch settlement at the southern tip of Manhattan island. In 1664, the English took over New Amsterdam, and renamed it New York City, after the Duke of York (who would later be King James II of England and Ireland & James VII of Scotland).
In 1788, Mathias Denman, Israel Ludlow, and Col. Robert Patterson, landed at a spot on the northern bank of the Ohio River, opposite the mouth of the Licking, and decided to settle there. Surveyor John Filson named it Losantiville. On January 4, 1790, Northwest Territory Governor Arthur St. Clair changed the name of the settlement to Cincinnati, in honor of the Society of the Cincinnati.
Mauch Chunk was founded in 1818. The name was derived from the native Munsee-Lenape Delaware language, which called it Mawsch Unk (Bear Place). Across the river, East Mauch Chunk developed. In 1953, 65-year-old Olympian Jim Thorpe died, and in 1954, the two Mauch Chunks merged, and renamed their new municipality Jim Thorpe, in honor of the athlete whose sports career had begun nearby, when he was a student at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
Tough Trivia has been an interesting experiment. But, due to the whelming response, and the fact that I’m going to be traveling through the end of the month, Tough Trivia is going on hiatus. Thank you, everyone, for reading along, playing along, participating to whatever extent you did. And keep watching this blog; it may be back in some other form in the near future. But when and whether Tough Trivia returns, I will continue to be here, so keep reading (although, as I said, I’ll be traveling for the next week and a half, so I may be a bit more quiet here… or there may be a new book announcement later today). And thanks!