Tough Trivia, 5/20/21

Today’s Tough trivia question has to do with the worlds of Entertainment: The entertainment industry gives a slew of awards. We have the Oscar and the Emmy for movies and television, the Tony for stage plays, the Grammy for music, the Hugo, Edgar, and Pulitzer for literature, and scores more. Do you know who (or what) those seven are named for? And which organizations, specifically, do the awarding? How about when they were first awarded?

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400px-Saturn_V_launches
Photos of all 13 Saturn V launches.

Yesterday’s question was: The Saturn V rocket stack was the super heavy-lift launch vehicle that took the US manned space program to the Moon. It was—and remains—the tallest, heaviest, and most powerful rocket brought to operational status. It holds the records for the heaviest payload launched and largest payload capacity to low Earth orbit (310,000 pounds). It is also, still, the only launch vehicle to carry humans beyond low Earth orbit. Fifteen were built, but only thirteen were flown, all launching from Kennedy Space Center, in Florida, between November 9, 1967 (the uncrewed Apollo 4) and May 14, 1973 (Skylab). Do you know how tall it was? How heavy? And what percentage of the stack actually returned to Earth from the Apollo missions to the Moon?

The answer is:

The full Saturn V stack was 363 feet tall, and massed between 6,221,000 and 6,540,000 pounds (depending on the mission), with a maximum diameter (at the bottom) of 33 feet.

The Command Module was the only piece of the entire stack that returned to Earth. The three propulsion stages were destroyed getting to orbit. The lower portion of the Lunar Module remained on the surface of the Moon. The Ascent stage landed on the Moon, and then returned the astronauts to lunar orbit to rendezvous with the Command and Service Module. The Service Module was discarded and on the way back to Earth. The Command Module was the only piece of the entire stack that returned to Earth. It was 11 feet 5 inches tall, with a diameter of 12 feet 10 inches, and a mass of 12,250 pounds (plus the returning astronauts). In addition, the six missions that landed on the Moon brought back a total of 842 pounds of Moon rocks.

So the piece of the stack that returned was 3.1% of the height that was launched, and 0.2% of the weight that was launched.

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Ian’s Tough Trivia is a daily feature of this blog (Monday’s category is History; Tuesday is Arts; Wednesday is Science; Thursday is Entertainment; and Friday is Grab Bag). Each day, I post a tough question, as well as the answer to the previous day’s question. Simply comment on this post with your answer. I’ll approve the comments after the next question is posted. Sure, you can probably find the answers by searching the web, but what’s the fun in that?

And if you’ve got a favorite trivia question—or even just a topic for which you’d like to see a question—let me know! Reader participation is warmly encouraged.

Tough Trivia, 5/19/21

Science for today’s Tough Trivia question: The Saturn V rocket stack was the super heavy-lift launch vehicle that took the US manned space program to the Moon. It was—and remains—the tallest, heaviest, and most powerful rocket brought to operational status. It holds the records for the heaviest payload launched and largest payload capacity to low Earth orbit (310,000 pounds). It is also, still, the only launch vehicle to carry humans beyond low Earth orbit. Fifteen were built, but only thirteen were flown, all launching from Kennedy Space Center, in Florida, between November 9, 1967 (the uncrewed Apollo 4) and May 14, 1973 (Skylab). Do you know how tall it was? How heavy? And what percentage of the stack actually returned to Earth from the Apollo missions to the Moon?

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Rembrandt_Harmensz._van_Rijn_132
Rembrandt

Yesterday’s question was: It seems our most famous artists are either mononymous or pseudonymous, but before they were artists, they were children who were given full names by their parents. How many of these noms d’art can you fill out as they would have appeared on their birth certificates (if birth certificates had been a thing when and where they were born): Donatello, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, El Greco, Rembrandt, Hokusai, Hiroshige, Grandma Moses, Toulouse-Lautrec, Erté, Christo, Jeanne-Claude?

The answers are:

Donatello: Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi (born circa 1386, lived his whole life in Florence, died December 13, 1466)

Michelangelo: Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (born March 6, 1475 in Caprese, Republic of Florence [now Tuscany, Italy]; died in Rome on February 18, 1564)

Raphael: Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (born March 28 or April 6, 1483, in Urbino, Italy; died April 6, 1520, in Rome)

Titian: Tiziano Vecelli (born circa 1488–1490, lived his whole life in Venice, died August 27, 1576)

El Greco: Domenikos Theotokopoulos (born in Heraklion, Crete, on October 1, 1541; died in Toledo, Spain, on April 7, 1614)

Grandma_Moses_NYWTS
Grandma Moses in 1953.

Rembrandt: Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (born in Leiden, Dutch Republic, on July 15, 1606; died in Amsterdam, Dutch Republic, on October 4, 1669)

Hokusai: Katsushika Hokusai (born about October 31, 1760, lived his whole life in Edo, Japan, died May 10, 1849)

Hiroshige: Utagawa Hiroshige (born in 1797, lived his whole life in Edo, Japan, died on October 12, 1858)

Grandma Moses: Anna Mary Robertson Moses (born in Greenwich, Connecticut, on September 7, 1860; died in Hoosick Falls, New York, on December 13, 1961)

Toulouse-Lautrec: Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (born in Tarn, France on November 24, 1864; died in Saint-Andre-du-Bois, France, on September 9, 1901)

Erté: Romain de Tirtoff (born in St. Petersburg, Russia, on November 23, 1892; died in Paris, France, on April 21, 1990)

Christo: Christo Vladimirov Javacheff (born in Gabrovo, Bulgaria, on June 13, 1935; died in New York City on May 31, 2020)

Jeanne-Claude: Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebohn (born in Casablanca, Morocco, on June 13, 1935; died in New York City on November 18, 2009). Christo and Jeanne-Claude met in Paris, discovered that they shared a birthday, and created installation art projects together for the rest of their lives.

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Ian’s Tough Trivia is a daily feature of this blog (Monday’s category is History; Tuesday is Arts; Wednesday is Science; Thursday is Entertainment; and Friday is Grab Bag). Each day, I post a tough question, as well as the answer to the previous day’s question. Simply comment on this post with your answer. I’ll approve the comments after the next question is posted. Sure, you can probably find the answers by searching the web, but what’s the fun in that?

And if you’ve got a favorite trivia question—or even just a topic for which you’d like to see a question—let me know! Reader participation is warmly encouraged.

Tough Trivia, 4/29/21

Today’s Tough Trivia question: Mint marks are small letters which denote which mint produced which coin, and today, in the United States, they appear near the date (though that was not always the case: some earlier coins had the mint marks on the opposite side of the coin from the date). Currently, there are four US mints producing and marking coins. Name them by their letter codes. Previously, there were five other US Mints marking coins. Can you name them?

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Yesterday’s question was: Ignoring the conspiracy theorists and science deniers, we know that twelve people have so far walked on Earth’s Moon. How many of them can you name? (Bonus: which of the Apollo missions did not land on the Moon?)

The answer is:

1024px-Apollo_11_Crew
Apollo 11 crew (left to right): Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Buzz Aldrin.

Apollo 11, launched July 16 and returned July 24, 1969. Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin were on the Moon for 21 hours, 36 minutes, from July 20 to 21, while Command Module Pilot Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit.

Apollo 12, launched November 14 returned November 24, 1969. Commander Charles “Pete” Conrad and Lunar Module Pilot Alan Bean spent almost 32 hours on the Moon, from November 19 to 20, while Command Module Pilot Richard Gordon remained in lunar orbit.

Apollo 14, launched January 31 and returned February 9, 1971. Commander Alan Shepard and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar Mitchell spent 33 hours on the Moon, from February 5 to 6, while Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa remained in lunar orbit.

Apollo 15, launched July 26 and returned August 7, 1971. On the first mission to use the lunar rover, Commander David Scott and Lunar Module Pilot James Irwin spent 67 hours on the Moon, from July 30 to August 2, while Command Module Pilot Alfred Worden remained in lunar orbit.

Apollo 16, launched April 16 and returned April 27, 1972. Commander John Young and Lunar Module Pilot Charles Duke spent 71 hours on the Moon, from April 21 to 24, while Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa remained in lunar orbit.

Apollo 17, launched December 7 and returned December 19, 1972. Commander Eugene Cernan and Lunar Module Pilot Harrison Schmitt spent 75 hours on the Moon, from December 11 to 14, while Command Module Pilot Ronald Evans remained in lunar orbit.

Apollo 13 did not reach the Moon. Launched April 11, 1970, an explosion in one of the oxygen tanks on April 13 severely damaged the spacecraft and prevented it from landing on the Moon. Commander James Lovell, Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise, and Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert returned safely on April 17, 1970.

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Ian’s Tough Trivia is a daily feature of this blog. Each day, I post a tough question, as well as the answer to the previous day’s question. At some point, I’ll offer a prize for whoever has the most correct answers, and another for whoever participates most often (I’ll take into account people coming in after the start: regular participation starting later is just as good as regular participation starting earlier). There may also be a prize for the funniest or most amusing wrong answer. Simply comment on this post with your answer. I’ll approve the comments after the next question is posted. Sure, you can probably find the answers by searching the web, but what’s the fun in that?

Financial support in the form of tips is very much appreciated: paypal.me/ianrandalstrock